Декан — Гергерт Дмитрий Владимирович
г. Пермь, ул. Студенческая, д. 38, к. 316
Тел.: (342) 205-52-34
Цель – разработка региональной инновационной модели управления перераспределением транспортными потоками посредством их локального замедления.
Достижение данной цели предполагает обоснование применения инновационного подхода как ключевого фактора развития; специфики инновационного подхода для автотранспортных сетей; разработку модели эффективности организации и безопасности движения; применение данной модели к организации и безопасности дорожного движения на региональных автомобильных дорогах Пермского края.
В статье использовались следующие методы: метод анализа данных, метод математического моделирования, метод проектно-изыскательских работ, статистический метод.
В данной работе представлена инновационная автоматизированная система светофоризации, позволяющая перераспределить нагрузку на транспортную сеть путем применения технических средств организации дорожного движения без изменений основных параметров проезжей части.
Целью государственных театров является как увеличение выручки, так и увеличение числа зрителей. В работе на данных Пермского театра оперы и балета за 4 сезона выявляется эффект цены на спрос на билеты для различных типов спектаклей и мест в зале. С помощью метода цензурированной квантильной регрессии оцениваются параметры функции спроса. В работе выявлено, что спрос является слабо эластичным по цене. Также в работе показано, что неучет качественных характеристик спектаклей и мест в зале, а также ограниченной вместимости зала приводит к смещению оценок функции спроса.
Описан подход к созданию языкового инструментария, новизна которого заключается в том, что в процессе функционирования языковой инструментарий выполняет интерпретацию моделей различных уровней иерархии, а не генерацию на их основе исходного кода. Это позволяет производить настройку разработанных языков без перегенерации кода редактора, выполнять многоуровневое моделирование, а также определять правила преобразования написанных программ в код на целевом языке.
As any other genre, academic paper can be characterized by its own specific rules and fitches. The authors assume that academic style fitches called in this research “style markers” can be modelled by means of ontology engineering. The article is aimed at describing the academic style markers ontology design and its practical using. The designed ontology is divided into two levels. The first level provides information about linguistic terms and the second level consists of style markers, which were suggested by experts in linguistic. It is assumed that two tasks will be solved on the basis of developed ontology. The first task is generating lexical-semantic templates, which is used to identify the list of markers in a text. Due to ontology approach and Domain Specific Language (DSL) technologies applying users can be able to extend and modify marker templates. The second task is developing an expert system rules for text style enhancement.
This paper explores the relationship between socioeconomic factors—particularly, the rate of time preferences and alcohol consumption in Russia. The rate of time preferences shows an individual’s willingness to delay the utility from consumption to future periods of time. The relationship between this rate and indicators of alcohol consumption is examined separately for men and women. We find significant differences in men’s and women’s patterns of consumption of alcohol. Our findings suggest that the rate of time preferences, along with age, educational level, income, place of residence, and health substantially, affects an individual’s decision to drink alcohol. We show that employment status is endogenous to alcohol consumption and that estimating a system of binary equations is necessary.
Recovery after stroke relates tightly to the white matter integrity. Currently, the main methodology for non-invasive white matter integrity assessment is diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI), a state-of-the-art approach which is, however, prone to multiple limitations. Using DW-MRI, it was demonstrated that many pathways including corticospinal tract (CST) and corpus callosum contribute to structural brain reserve after stroke, but only a few of these tracts were found to be useful in the clinical practice. The most widely known measure is an asymmetry of the fractional anisotropy (FA) in CST at the level of the internal capsule, which could be used for predicting motor recovery in acute stroke. Recently, a new complementary motor component of the structural reserve, the so-called alternate motor fibers (AMFs), was proposed for motor recovery prognosis in stroke patients, and it was even reported to correlate with the effect of the transcranial direct current stimulation in chronic stroke. Here, we would like to point out a possible additional sensory interpretation of the AMF that appears plausible after taking into account technical limitations of DW-MRI approach, which may potentially give rise to different interpretations of the same results.
Purpose: The paper explores factors of the low competitiveness of Russian companies assuming that the gap in the endowment of intangible resources is responsible for the gap in competitiveness.
Design/Methodology: The framework of resources-based view is used to examine causality between the resources employed and competitiveness measured by Economic Value Added. Controlling for the most relevant factors, we place an emphasis on those intangible resources that are considered in the literature as being the most critical for Russian companies when contending for global competitiveness: productivity, strategic long-term orientation of companies, quality of human capital, innovative behaviour of companies, foreign investments, and corporate networks. The dataset of more than 1000 Russian companies benchmarked to the dataset of more than 1600 European companies during a period of 10 years: 2004-2013 is analyzed to test the hypothesis put forward.
Findings: Causal effect of the gap in intangible endowment and competitiveness of Russian companies compared with European rivals is revealed. According to our analysis, gaps in productivity, strategy implementation, qualifications of the board of directors and company location play critical roles in the global competitiveness of Russian companies. Meanwhile, underinvestment in structural resources, like those such as ERP systems and other intangible assets, are considered positive factors that reduce gaps in EVA.
Originality/value: The paper introduces original approach for studying the gap in performance caused by gap in employed resources.
This research combines theories of civil society and local self-governance in describing citizen participation in solving neighborhood problems. Similar to neighborhood associations elsewhere, in Russia “organizations of territorial social selfgovernance” (TOS) have been formed to facilitate citizen participation in improving their communities. This research presents the first ever study of TOS across all Russian regions, drawing on a range of secondary data, lists of registered groups, and a phone survey of potential collaboration partners conducted in 2015. This paper explores the current state of these groups and their potential for collaboration with other civic organizations, government and business.
The article examines how identity is represented through space in Anglo-Irish literature of the Troubles in the context of public multimodal public discourse. The paper addresses the structure and functions of the space in Anglo-Irish novels of the Troubles within the framework of visual and verbal identity. It also focuses on verbal and visual ways of identification of the place in divided society as it is represented by Anglo-Irish literature. The analysis of the novels demonstrated that place identity performed in the real life is represented in the novels and operate there not only as a recognizable landscape marker creating a historical background of the novels but performs several communicative functions. Visual and verbal identity represent community solidarity and unification. In case of identity cognition of the other community are associated with the threat. A more detailed view of four Troubles novels give a detailed picture of how place is conceptualized as an integral part of national identity.
Representing ‘The Irish national self’ in Anglo-Irish literature of the Troubles is one of the key topics, which is inseparable from British national identity since these communities are intermingled in Northern Ireland and compete for space and political dominance. Little attention of critics was paid to the analysis of linguistic means of constructing national identity. This paper examines how national identity is formed in literary discourse within the framework of discourse analysis in the Troubles novels. I suggest that in the novels considered national identity manifests itself through a purposeful choice of discourse strategies (construction, destruction and justification) and language means. Conceptualizing both identities is based on conceptualizing space and religious identity but what makes them distinctive is narrating political history. Irish national identity, as represented in the Troubles novels, is based on the idea of victimization and trauma memorization, while British national identity relies heavily on mythologizing historical victory. Both identities are constructed in binary oppositions to a conflicting community and are mostly negative.