The article examines how identity is represented through space in Anglo-Irish literature of the Troubles in the context of public multimodal public discourse. The paper addresses the structure and the functions of the space in Anglo-Irish novels of the Troubles within the framework of visual and verbal identity. It also focuses on verbal and visual ways of identification of the place in divided society as represented in Anglo-Irish literature. The analysis of the novels demonstrated that place identity is represented in the novels and function there as a recognizable landscape marker creating a historical background of the novels. It also performs several communicative functions. Visual and verbal identity represent community solidarity and unification. In case of identity cognition of the other community representative they are seen as a an indicator of a potential threat. A more detailed view of four Troubles novels gives a picture of how place is conceptualized as an integral part of national identity.
This study is a corpus-based examination of denominal verbs with figurative meanings in the texts of the British business broadsheet The Financial Times. Based on the study of word-formation as the source of metaphoricity (Steen et al., 2010; Janda, 2011, 2014; Brdar & Brdar-Szabó, 2013) and propositional analysis (Pankrats, 1992; Steen, 2002), it presents the classification of such verbs and discusses how and why denominal verbs with metaphorical meanings were used in the journalistic discourse about business. The empirical base of this study was a 621-thousand-word corpus of the Financial Times articles from the years 2014-2015. The authors conclude that the commonness of denominal verbs is due to the conceptual and evaluative functions of metaphor. There is consideration of the implications of these findings for linguists, translators, ESP students and those interested in corpus research into metaphor.
Representing ‘The Irish national self’ in Anglo-Irish literature of the Troubles is one of the key topics, which is inseparable from British national identity since these communities are intermingled in Northern Ireland and compete for space and political dominance. Little attention of critics was paid to the analysis of linguistic means of constructing national identity. This paper examines how national identity is formed in literary discourse within the framework of discourse analysis in the Troubles novels. I suggest that in the novels considered national identity manifests itself through a purposeful choice of discourse strategies (construction, destruction and justification) and language means. Conceptualizing both identities is based on conceptualizing space and religious identity but what makes them distinctive is narrating political history. Irish national identity, as represented in the Troubles novels, is based on the idea of victimization and trauma memorization, while British national identity relies heavily on mythologizing historical victory. Both identities are constructed in binary oppositions to a conflicting community and are mostly negative.
В статье предлагается способ соединения статических и динамических характеристик для сравнительной оценки уровня, устойчивости, а также сбалансированности развития регионов в социальной, экономической и экологической сферах. Использование предложенного методического инструментария позволило выявить в исследуемых регионах проблемные области и стабильно проявляющиеся динамические диспропорции, требующие корректирующих воздействий для обеспечения устойчивого развития
The use of hedges has been an important topic in academic writing research. Much of this research has focused on L1 academic texts. This study investigates the use of the most frequent hedging devices in the corpus of 58 works written by Russian university students and compares it to the corpus of articles published in peer-reviewed journals in business and management. The analysis of learner corpus data and further comparison provided by the reference corpus have highlighted a number of problems which non-native learners experience when writing academic texts, e.g., phraseological infelicities and stylistic inappropriacies. Some teaching materials presented in the paper aim at helping teachers to deal with the problems identified. This study has important implications for creating EAP courses, research of second language acquisition, and writing pedagogy.