The article examines how identity is represented through space in Anglo-Irish literature of the Troubles in the context of public multimodal public discourse. The paper addresses the structure and the functions of the space in Anglo-Irish novels of the Troubles within the framework of visual and verbal identity. It also focuses on verbal and visual ways of identification of the place in divided society as represented in Anglo-Irish literature. The analysis of the novels demonstrated that place identity is represented in the novels and function there as a recognizable landscape marker creating a historical background of the novels. It also performs several communicative functions. Visual and verbal identity represent community solidarity and unification. In case of identity cognition of the other community representative they are seen as a an indicator of a potential threat. A more detailed view of four Troubles novels gives a picture of how place is conceptualized as an integral part of national identity.
Representing ‘The Irish national self’ in Anglo-Irish literature of the Troubles is one of the key topics, which is inseparable from British national identity since these communities are intermingled in Northern Ireland and compete for space and political dominance. Little attention of critics was paid to the analysis of linguistic means of constructing national identity. This paper examines how national identity is formed in literary discourse within the framework of discourse analysis in the Troubles novels. I suggest that in the novels considered national identity manifests itself through a purposeful choice of discourse strategies (construction, destruction and justification) and language means. Conceptualizing both identities is based on conceptualizing space and religious identity but what makes them distinctive is narrating political history. Irish national identity, as represented in the Troubles novels, is based on the idea of victimization and trauma memorization, while British national identity relies heavily on mythologizing historical victory. Both identities are constructed in binary oppositions to a conflicting community and are mostly negative.
В статье предлагается способ соединения статических и динамических характеристик для сравнительной оценки уровня, устойчивости, а также сбалансированности развития регионов в социальной, экономической и экологической сферах. Использование предложенного методического инструментария позволило выявить в исследуемых регионах проблемные области и стабильно проявляющиеся динамические диспропорции, требующие корректирующих воздействий для обеспечения устойчивого развития
The use of hedges has been an important topic in academic writing research. Much of this research has focused on L1 academic texts. This study investigates the use of the most frequent hedging devices in the corpus of 58 works written by Russian university students and compares it to the corpus of articles published in peer-reviewed journals in business and management. The analysis of learner corpus data and further comparison provided by the reference corpus have highlighted a number of problems which non-native learners experience when writing academic texts, e.g., phraseological infelicities and stylistic inappropriacies. Some teaching materials presented in the paper aim at helping teachers to deal with the problems identified. This study has important implications for creating EAP courses, research of second language acquisition, and writing pedagogy.
Nowadays, mind mapping is rather popular educational technique. Like any other learning tools, mind maps became a part of modern educational trends like blended learning and computer-supported collaborative learning. Lots of mind mapping software tools are adopted to teaching and learning routines such as educational content delivery or assessment. This paper focuses on the additional automatic evaluation of digital educational mind maps gained from the existing procedures of assessments. The review of automatic graders which support the evaluation process demonstrates that some systematical work is done in automation grading by comparing students’ mind maps with a template. But lots of questions about automatic mind maps’ scoring by retrieving the data from a scored mind map are still open. This paper introduces the automatic grader for educational mind maps (AGEMM) which acts like a teacher’s assistant and calculates several quantitative metrics. The AGEMM is implemented as a web-service and interacted with mind maps prepared in the Coggle web-service through its API. The AGEMM is adopted to a bachelor course. Results demonstrate that scores from the AGEMM may be transformed to scales or criterial levels which are used to evaluation. Moreover, the AGEMM application revealed several problems and shew lines of development which we discuss in the paper.
This paper focuses on referential coherence which is seen as a crucial attribute of effective academic writing. I report findings from a corpus study of Russian students' use of anaphoric expressions in their research proposals which is compared to a reference corpus comprising research articles published in peer-reviewed journals. I hypothesise that learners use anaphora less frequently than professional writers. The results of the analysis confirmed the hypothesis and allowed me to identify particular problems connected with the students' use of anaphoric expressions. It is hoped that the reported findings will challenge EAP teachers and textbook writers to consider paying closer attention to the markers of referential coherence in a course of academic writing for L2 students.
Providing a comprehensive overview of Russia’s foreign policy directions, this handbook brings together an international team of scholars to develop a complex treatment of Russia’s foreign policy. The chapters draw from numerous theoretical traditions by incorporating ideas of domestic institutions, considerations of national security and international recognition as sources of the nation’s foreign policy. Covering critically important subjects such as Russia’s military interventions in Ukraine and Syria, the handbook is divided into four key parts:
Part I explores the social and material conditions in which Russia’s foreign policy is formed and implemented.
Part II investigates tools and actors that participate in policy making including diplomacy, military, media, and others.
Part III provides an overview of Russia’s directions towards the United States, Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Eurasia, and the Artic.
Part IV addresses the issue of Russia’s participation in global governance and multiple international organizations, as well as the Kremlin’s efforts to build new organizations and formats that suit Russia’s objectives.
The Routledge Handbook of Russian Foreign Policy is an invaluable resource to students and scholars of Russian Politics and International Relations, as well as World Politics more generally.
Цель – разработка региональной инновационной модели управления перераспределением транспортными потоками посредством их локального замедления. Достижение данной цели предполагает обоснование применения инновационного подхода как ключевого фактора развития; специфики инновационного подхода для автотранспортных сетей; разработку модели эффективности организации и безопасности движения; применение данной модели к организации и безопасности дорожного движения на региональных автомобильных дорогах Пермского края. В статье использовались следующие методы: метод анализа данных, метод математического моделирования, метод проектно-изыскательских работ, статистический метод. В данной работе представлена инновационная автоматизированная система светофоризации, позволяющая перераспределить нагрузку на транспортную сеть путем применения технических средств организации дорожного движения без изменений основных параметров проезжей части.