Perm is a major city in the east of the European part of Russia located near the Ural Mountains. It is the capital of Perm Krai (Territory). It is also a port city on the Kama River - a large industrial, scientific, cultural, and logistic centre of the Urals.
The population of Perm is about 1,036,000 persons (2016); total area - 800 sq. km.
Phone code: +7 342
Postal codes - 614000-614575
The current territory of the city has been inhabited since ancient times. In fact, more than 130 archaeological sites in Perm have been uncovered (from the Stone Age to the late Middle Ages). In the 17th century, these lands belonged to the Stroganov merchants.
The date of Perm’s foundation is considered the day when the construction of the Yegoshikha Copper Plant began - May 4, 1723. In 1780, Catherine the Great issued a decree for the foundation of the town of Perm on the basis of this enterprise.
In 1780-1781, the buildings for official institutions were constructed, along with the development of the Kazansky and Sibirsky roads. On August 24, 1878, the Ural Railway from Perm to Chusovaya was opened. Moreover, the end of the 19th century saw a period of intensive railway construction and development in the region.
Perm stands on the banks of the Kama River, the largest left tributary of the Volga, to the south of the mouth of the Chusovaya River. It is the third most extensive city in Russia after Moscow and Sochi and third after St. Petersburg and Moscow in terms of its total area. Perm stretches about 70km along the Kama.
According to the renowned Russian linguist and academician Dmitry Bubrih, the word ‘perm‘ was derived from the Vepsian word ‘perama’ meaning ‘far-away land’. Furthermore, the Permian Geological Period (often referred to as simply ’Perm‘) was named in honour of the region. In 1841, British geologist Roderick Murchison identified this geological period while on an expedition in the Kungur District of the region.